As we know that Bhutan has huge quantum of electric resources in the country including solar energy, yet people are still using woods for heating their homes and other appliances which is harmful for the environment. People should use electricity and solar for the heating home as well as for cooking.
The National Environment Commission (NEC) has planned to advocate the usage of electric and solar power in every home but so far the Commission is not able to execute due to the failure in demonstrating the appliances at once. NEC should guide and encourage electrical applications in the country by assisting the communities through the creation of soft loan incentives to the general public with the mode of operational safety inbuilt.
Every year thousands of tons of wood are wasted in bhukharis but it also affects health of the people through smokes and it is not safe for the environment. The present government should look into the matters once again and guide NEC for good.
Many people are using fuel heater in their room which is hazardous because burning oil is totally unhygienic both for the environment and health of the people as burning oil can produce thick black plumes that disperse downward as it rises into the atmosphere, potentially impacting air quality.
Moreover, oil heaters have been known to explode when their thermal fuses fail to shut off, at the same time these room heaters burn oxygen and reduce the humidity in the air. This is the case with fan-based convection room heaters and halogen room heaters. Burning of oxygen leads to potential drop in oxygen levels and lead to suffocation. Moreover it can cause fire, thick black smoke, unpleasant odors, oil on walls and other surfaces and even disfiguring scalding. As such, we must be cautious in handling fuel heaters in the country.
Bhutan is known as a carbon-negative country and has the capacity to sink carbon in huge quantities, so the government should take into account all these factors and execute the same accordingly.
It will be hard to execute the plan at once but the government should take measures and make people to be aware of this benefit of using electric heater and then the effects of fuel heaters and bhukharis.
Therefore, it is high time to reduce the tariff in electricity bills for the people but not in reducing the tariff while exporting the hydro power outside the country because Bhutan is very much dependable in hydropower. It is the only national resources in the kingdom unlike other nations.