How nicotine from smoking affects human life

Almost everybody is aware of the damages caused by the smoking and nicotine, yet many individuals are still not quitting the habit. The very reason for the smoking and alcohol lies due to frustration and not capable to do their work efficiently.

But for those youngsters it’s just a style they adopt in the way of life and not knowing its addiction and implications it has on the health and the psyche.   

Smoking causes cancer, heart disease, stroke, lung diseases, diabetes, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), which includes emphysema and chronic bronchitis. Smoking also increases risk for tuberculosis, certain eye diseases, and problems of the immune system, including rheumatoid arthritis apart from spending huge amount of resources. Smoking holds every smoker in slavery, whether a young, old, youth or adult.

This is clear that every smoker finds it very hard to quit. Apart from smoking there is social effects of tobacco production include social disruption for communities in which tobacco production is declining which give another implication of unemployment and economic loss as local food production and  local autonomy. It also gives additional financial burden which lead to higher cost for health and insurance, higher health care costs due to smoking related diseases. 

Nicotine is a dangerous and highly addictive chemical. It can cause an increase in blood pressure, heart rate, flow of blood to the heart and a narrowing of the arteries (vessels that carry blood). Nicotine may also contribute to the hardening of the arterial walls, which in turn, may lead to a heart attack, moreover it can interfere with parts of that development, causing permanent brain damage that by disrupting the part of the brain that controls attention, learning, moods and impulse control.

Moreover, cigarette smoking causes premature death; life expectancy for smokers is at least 10 years shorter than for non-smokers. Quitting smoking before the age of 40 years reduces the risk of dying from smoking related disease by about 90%. If one continues for a long term smoking is linked with reductions in working memory, prospective memory that used for everyday tasks such as keeping an appointment or taking medication on time and also executive function, which helps us to plan tasks and pay attention to the current activities and ignore distractions.

Quitting smoking could lengthen one’s life expectancy by disease associated risk for the long term. Hence, relevant organizations like WHO and Ministry of Health should have drawn certain plans and road map by now so as to curb the implications before it’s too late to discourage smoking and save lives.

Tshering, Thimphu