The Ministry of Finance (MoF) scored the most in its Organizational Integrity Plan (OIP) according to the Anti-Corruption Commission’s (ACC) Assessment Report for the Financial Year (FY)-2020-2021.
MoF had scored the maximum, with 96.7 percent, among the ten ministries.
The Ministry of Home and Cultural Affairs scored 95 percent, followed by the Ministry of Health, scoring 94.2 percent. The Ministry of Information and Communications scored 85.5 percent, while the Ministry of Education scored 84.2 percent and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs scored 80 percent.
Likewise, the Ministry of Agriculture and Forests scored 73.3 percent and scores of 70 percent and above are rated as excellent.
Similarly, the Ministry of Labour and Human Resources (68.3 percent) and the Ministry of Works and Human Settlement (68.3 percent) are rated very good in OIP implementation, with scores of less than 70 percent.
The Ministry of Economic Affairs scored the least, with 52.8 percent, and is rated good in the overall implementation of the OIP. Scoring 40 percent and above will be rated as fair, while scoring below 39 percent will be rated as poor.
In the Dzongkhag wise assessment, Sarpang and Zhemgang dzongkhag administrations have scored the highest with 95 percent in the overall implementation of the OIP. It is followed by the Samdrup Jongkhar dzongkhag administration with 94.2 percent.
On the other hand, Paro, Wangdue, Lhuentse, and Mongar dzongkhag administrations were rated good in the overall implementation of OIP with their scores of less than 60 per cent.
Sitting at the third lowest rank, Wangduephodrang dzongkhag scored 55.8 percent, followed by Lhuentse dzongkhag with 55 percent. Mongar Dzongkhag scored the least with only 50.8 percent.
Among the four thromdes, Gelephu thromde scored the highest with 95.8 percent, followed by Samdrup Jongkhar thromde with 93.3 percent.
The thromdes in Thimphu and Phuentsholing scored 81.7 and 71.1 percent, respectively. All four thromdes are rated excellent in the overall performance of the OIP implementation.
The Royal Audit Authority (RAA) received the highest score from the Constitutional Offices with 92.5 percent, which is about five percent higher than the Anti-Corruption Commission.
The RAA, ACC, and Royal Civil Service Commission are rated excellent in the implementation of the OIP, with an overall score of more than 70 percent, while the Judiciary and Election Commission of Bhutan are rated good.
Under the category of autonomous bodies, there were about 36 agencies implementing OIP in the last financial year.
The National Center for Hydrology and Meteorology scored the highest with 98 percent, followed by the Construction Development Board and the National Provident and Pension Fund at 95 percent.
The Drug Regulatory Authority received the lowest overall implementation score of 38.3 percent and is classified as poor.
The three armed forces have also implemented the OIP along with other agencies to strengthen transparency, accountability, and integrity systems in their internal governance mechanisms. The Royal Bhutan Army has scored 90.83 percent and achieved the target in the excellent category.
The Royal Bhutan Police is also rated in the excellent category with 83.3 percent. Meanwhile, failing to submit evidence for evaluation, the Royal Body Guard obtained only 11.7 percent of the available documents within the ACC.
From the 38 State Owned Enterprises in the country, fifteen are currently implementing OIP. The Financial Institutions Training Institute has scored the highest with 80 percent, followed by Royal Bhutan Helicopter Services Ltd with 75.3 percent.
On the other hand, the Army Welfare Project, Food Corporation of Bhutan Ltd. and Bhutan Livestock Development Corporation Ltd. (BLDCL) have not submitted evidence for evaluation and their assessments were made based on the available documents within the ACC.
BLDCL scored the least with only 12.5 percent. In general, more than 30 percent of the agencies in this category have poor OIP implementation.
Under the DHI and its linked companies, there are seventeen companies, including the DHI head office, that implement OIP and report to ACC. Of the 17 companies, Druk Air Corporation Ltd. scored the highest with 98.3 percent and Dungsam Cement Corporation Ltd. with 94.2 percent.
On the flip side, Bhutan Ferro Alloys Ltd. scored lowest-5.8 percent. According to the ACC’s report, the company did not submit documents for evaluation and the assessment was conducted based on the available documents within the Commission.
With the pursuance of ACC, the media and Civil Society Organizations (CSOs) implemented OIP to enhance transparency, accountability, and integrity in their administrative culture. Two media houses and 18 CSOs introduced the OIP.
From the evaluation, the Royal Textile Academy scored 59.2 percent, making it the highest in this category, followed by the Royal Society for Protection of Nature, scoring 55 percent.
The Assessment Report stated that in general, the overall implementation of OIP by the media and CSOs shows there is room for improvement demanding extra effort from both the ACC and CSO sectors.
OIP is implemented to indicate integrity and anti-corruption by the agencies to receive better ownership from the agencies. It is expected to be incorporated into the key organizational plans and will be reviewed periodically to ensure effective implementation of the indicators.
The annual review of the mandatory indicators’ implementation is conducted towards the end of the financial year to assess the implementation status of each activity based on the predetermined criteria and Means of Verification.
For the FY 2020 – 2021, the evaluation was conducted from 12 -19 July by a team of 10 members formed within the ACC. The team evaluated 131 agencies and the report has shown slight improvement as compared to the previous FY.
The overall performance shows that the agencies implementing OIP in the excellent category have increased to 43 percent, while the agencies performing in the poor category have dropped to 19 percent compared to the previous year, according to the findings of ACC.
However, there were limitations that the evaluation was conducted remotely from the desk, explicitly based on the documents submitted by the agencies.
A few agencies located in the lockdown area could not submit their documents during evaluation, and the assessment was conducted based on the documents available within ACC.
ACC further recommends initiating incorporating OIP in the agency’s annual plans for effective implementation.
The Commission also recommends that the evaluation team should visit agencies for field verification, considering the challenges encountered in the process of document collection and the limitations in desk assessment.